20 Graines Sauge sclarée, Salvia sclarea

20 Graines Sauge sclarée, Salvia sclarea

  • 1.50€

Sclared sage, Salvia Sclarea, Orviot, very good | Graines reproductibles, Graines Non Traitées

SAGE SCLARED (Salvia Sclarea L.) is a herbaceous plant biennial of the Lamiacae family, originally from the south of Europe and Western Asia. It is cultivated for its Leaves and Flowers1 used for their aromatic and medicinal qualities.We also find the following common names : "All good", "Sclary", "Orvale", "Orviot". Etymology : "Sclary" word comes from the Greek Sklêros, σκληρός, "hard".

20 seeds

Sclared sage is a biennial or perennial herbaceous plant (short life), very fragrant, very hairy, 40-100 cm high in nature but up to 1.60 m in culture. The quadrangular stems are quite robust, erected, branched. They carry in the upper part of the glandular hairs (containing essential oil) and are pubescent elsewhere.

The Leaves are large, opposite, oval form, based Cordée, with margin Serretée, Crénelée, Pubescent-Grisatres. The petiole is 4 to 15 cm.

The terminal inflorescence of the main rod (and secondary branches) is a long Panicle 30-60 cm high, viscous, carrying verticles from 2 to 6 flowers. Each verticille is underpinned by 2 BRACTES membranous floral, orbicular, first of a pale pink veined with mauve then whitish veined with green. The 3 cm long flower has a Calice pubescent with 13 thorny ribs and teeth and a Corolle with a white lipstick and the Falciform upper lip (false -shaped), pale blue to lilac. Flowering is done in June.

The plant is very decorative both by its foliage and by its long inflorescences in pink and pastel blue colors. It is a typical plant of priest gardenThe "Turkestanica" variety has pink stems and flowers in pink white ears.

The essential oil from leaves has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties. It is rich in Omega-3 and has Monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and diterpenes. The main components are LINALOL (42 %),Alpha-Terpineol (13 %), Geraniol (6 %), Myrcene (3 %) Sclareol2 1.6 to 7 %. The LINALOL is one of the monoterpenes most used by the perfume industry. It has antinocceptive, anticonvulsifying and sedative activities3.

The root of the sclared sage is known to accumulate DITERPENoids (Ferruginol, Salvipisone, Aethiopinone). These compounds demonstrate gram-post antibacterial activities. Salvipisone develops the strongest antibacterial activity4. The plant is also rich in Vitamin K (vitamin K1).

Its cultivation requires fresh, light, slightly limestone soil (pH > 6.5) and sunny exposure. The multiplication is done by sowing at the beginning of spring in nursery, followed by a transplanting in May, or by tuft division. The harvest occurs after 4 to 5 months after planting.

The leaves can be used, fresh or dried, to flavor meat dishes : pork, veal, sheep, game, cold meats, sauces...

Large basal leaves were used in Germany to flavor the wine and give it a musk taste. It also served in England to prepare beer as a substitute for hops.

Its culture today is essentially intended to produce an essential oil used in the manufacture of vermouth, liqueurs or perfumes. Its culture is of economic importance in France, Hungary and Bulgaria.

Like all SAUGES, it is also a honey plant, very attractive for Carpentières bees (XYLOCOPA Violecea) and the SPHINX GAISSED.

It is one of the plants whose culture is recommended in the royal fields by Charlemagne in the capitular of Villis (End of VIIIE or beginning of the IXe century).

Contents subject to the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. Source : Article SAGE SCLARÉE by Wikipedia in French (Authors)

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Tags: sclared, sage, salvia, sclarea, orviot, very, good, 20, graines, sauge, sclar, e, vegetable, seeds, aromatic, medicinal, flowers, ornamental, herbs, potage