5 Graines Cèdre de l'Himalaya, Cedrus deodara
Himalayan cedar, Cedrus Deodara |
The Himalayan cedar (Cedrus Deodara), also called Sacred cedar or Cedar Déodar, is a Conifer belonging to the genre of cedars and the Pinaceae family. It is a large tree which can measure up to 50 M high. He is from temperate altitude forests on the southern foothills of theHimalaya.
5 seeds - Medium germination: 50% - Dip 24 hours the seeds in the water before sowing - ideal temperature sowing from 18 to 20 ° C
It is a tree measuring at most 60 M high2, and which has a Diameter (of the trunk) at chest height of 3 M at most2 (therefore for the highest subjects).
The grayish, dark bark is cracked and forms sort of scales of irregular size. The branches are generally sub-horizontal, but the secondary branches are most often hanging and more yellowish in color2. The drooping terminal shoots give this cedar a crying aspect, but the top of the tree, at maturity, often retains a pointed appearance, while the other species of cedars then have a tabular or a little rounded top.
Like all cedars, it has needles united in bouquets on two -year branches. However, it is distinguished by the length of the needles (2.5 at 5 CM3,2), more important than that of other species of ceded , their light green color and their flexibility. These needles are linear, but narrower at their base ; Their section is triangular and measurement from 1 to 1.5 MM of width2. They have two to three lines of Stomata on the upper side, and four to six on the underside2.
The cones females have a rounded top, unlike those of Cedrus Atlantica and Cedrus Lebani, which have more flattened vertex cones. The cones of the Himalayan cedar are more on average a little longer than those of other cedar species3 ; They measure from 7 to 12 CM long and 5 at 9 CM Large2. These cones are made up of scales of 2.5 at 4 CM Long and 4 at 6 CM Large, each housing a seed of about 1 CM long, extended by a fin of 1.5 at 2 CM Long2.
- The Himalayan cedar (Cedrus Deodara), used for the manufacture of cedar oil and originating in the Himalayas regions, appreciates wet summers and dry winters. Its growth is average, with a height of the order of 25 M[réf. nécessaire] and a pyramidal aspect. Its needles are green-blue.
- The cedar of the golden Himalayas (Cedrus Deodara 'Aurea') has yellowish needles. Its growth is slower and its height lower than that of Cedrus Deodora.
- The Cedar of the Weeping Himalayas (Cedrus Deodara 'Pendula'). Its growth is slow, its green-blue needles and its height of the order of 4 M.
Contents subject to the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. Source : Article Cedrus Deodara by Wikipedia in French (Authors)
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