30 Graines Guimauve officinale, Althaea officinalis
MAUVE Officinale, Mauve Blanche, Althaea officinalis |
The IMMAULATE MAUTE (Althaea Officinalis L.), also called Sauvage marshmallow or Mauve Blanche (hence the word "Gui- Mauve ", from old low-franc" Wit "for" white ")[réf. nécessaire], is a herbaceous plant VIVACE of the Malvaceae family, commune in Europe. It is cultivated as Medicinal plant for its properties Emollients, as Ornamental plant for its flowers and sometimes as Potagère mainly for its Roots.
This plant entered the composition of a soft and sweet confectionery, the marshmallow, originally made from the marshmallow root.
It is a large woolly plant, with erect stems about 1 m high1, up to 1.5 m high occasionally2, rather gray. The leaves are rounded, can be whole or 3 lobes and have a toothed border. They carry many hairs and measure 3 to 8 × 1.5 to 6 cm1.
The plant is VIVACE thanks to its strain which emits Bourgeons underground.
Flowering takes place around July. Flowers, at Peduncule short, of pinkish white color, pale, whose stamens have Anthers Reds, appear in the middle of summer grouped in the armpit of sheets. They are provided with a Calicle, not welded to Calice, formed from 7 to 9 Bracts narrow, hairy, 4 mm long1. The chalice is persistent, hairy, cutting, 5 sepales longer than the parts of the calicule. The Corolle is made up of Petals Roses, sometimes very pale, about 1.5 cm long1. The stamens form a column about 8 mm high1.
The fruit is a Schizocarpe formed by Carpelles numerous (from 15 to 251), arranged in a circle of about 8 mm in diameter1, yellowish. The seeds are reniforms.
- Food : From this plant that is particularly encountered in salt meadows or coastal wetlands, the Mucilage of the roots were extracted to produce the marshmallow paste, or marshmallow, sort of gum (confectionery) ; However, it is often replaced in the food industry by collagen, created from skin, bone, cartilage and animal ligaments, while keeping this appellation.
The roots, poorly fleshy, are consumed after having scalded them to soften them.
The peeled root constitutes the marshmallow stick, which is given to chew young children to help their dentition.
The leaves can be consumed cooked like spinach, or for the tender, serve to flavor the salads.
- Medicinal : This plant, rich in Mucilages, has softening properties, Emollients, Béchiques, laxative and aperitifs[réf. nécessaire]. The marshmallow is used by macerating in cold water the roots previously peeled and dried. It is used for the manufacture of calming ointments. For its medicinal properties, one can substitute the hopper pink with marshmallow.
In herbalism, it enters the composition of mixtures of pectoral flowers.
- It is also a Melifer plant.
It is one of the plants whose cultivation is recommended in the gardens of the royal domain by the capitular of Villis.
Contents subject to the CC-BY-SA license 3.0. Source : Article IMMAUVE PROSTE by Wikipedia in French (Authors)
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