20 Graines Bugrane épineuse, arrête de boeuf, Ononis spinosa
Thorny bugrane, beef stop, ononis spinosa |
Thorny bugrane, beef stop, ononis spinosa
The Thorny bugrane (Ononis Spinosa) is a species of plants of the genus of Bugnes (Ononis) and the family of FABACEAE, also known as " Stop-bead "1.
His name Ononis Spinosa comes from the Greek word " onos ", donkey, and from oninemi which means who pleases donkeys, because they appreciate eating it2. In addition, as the second part of its name suggests (Spinosa means thorny in Latin), donkeys also appreciate it because the presence ofthorns allows them to scrape the back. The name "Stop-Book" evokes the resistance of the roots during the passage of the plow2.
The thorny bugrane forms Sub-armor Local Perennial and thorny, with branches that can rise to 60cm. It is mainly found in limestone lands, in meadows, embankments and dikes3. It flowers from June to August and its flowers are generally of pink white color, sometimes white or lilac, of the papilionacea type3,4. It is used and phytotherapy, mainly for kidney and bladder conditions.
We use the crushed root ofOnonis Spinosa in preparations with several uses. This root has a soft and nauseating smell and has a bitter taste. It is mainly used in the form of an infusion or a decoction6.
It is mainly recognized for its effects on the bladder (diuretic) and the kidneys when consumed internally, but there is also an external use to cure wounds and fight against eczema and other diseases of skin. There are also antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral and analgesic effects6,11,12.
An effect of inhibiting the production of superoxide anion by extracts fromOnonis Spinosa has also been highlighted13.
Here are some effects of the thorny bugrane and the compounds that cause them :
- Diuretic action by isoflavones and salidiuretics by the Genisteine 14.
- Decreased thermal nociceptive sensitivity by inhibiting TRPM3 by ononetine15.
- Analgic effect of the Aqueux extract16.
- Anti-inflammatory effect by the iHnhibiton of 5-lipoxygenase by the MediRpine17.
- Antibacterial activity by spinonin and ononine10.
- Antifungal activity when applying ash from roots18
However, at the scientific level, a small number of studies confirm its true efficiency, in particular from the point of view of renal conditions and the bladder. In addition, for lack of data, the bugrane should not be given to a child under 12, pregnant or lactating women6.
It is at IVe century av. AD that Théophraste, a Greek philosopher, was the basis of the first botanical description of the bugrane19. At the time, this plant drew attention from its therapeutic virtues. Then in writings after Roman antiquity, the Greek doctor Galien highlighted the properties of the bubgrane as a stimulant of excretion and reducing urinary calculations2.
Contents subject to the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. Source : Article Thorny bugrane from Wikipedia in French (Authors)
Tags: thorny, bugrane, beef, stop, ononis, spinosa, 20, graines, pineuse, arr, te, de, boeuf, aromatic, seeds, medicinal, flowers, ornamental, herbs, potage