20 Graines Faux aloes, Tritome, Tison de satan, Kniphofia
False aloe, tritoma, Satan Tison, Kniphofia Uvaria Mix |
Kniphofia is a kind of flower plants, it belongs to the family of Liliaceae according to the classical classification, or that of Asphodelaceae (Optionally that of xanthorhoeaceae) According to the phylogenetic classification. It includes 72 species fromAfrica. Kniphofia is also known as Diable Tisons1.
Conrad Moench named this genre in homage to the doctor and botanist German Johann Hieronymus Kniphof.
Several species are used in horticulture. Some are known for their conical and shimmering colors inflorescences.
20 seeds - Average germination: 70%
The Tritoma with long clusters (Kniphofia Uvaria) is a Perennial of Genre Kniphofia Originally from Province From CAP in South Africa easily recognizable with its red, orange and yellow flowers united in dense clusters at the top of Hampes without leaves.
This species was the first species of the genus cultivated in Europe and it is still very present in our gardens.
We know about seventy species and many of them, by hybridization and selection, have given the multiple Cultivars .
Synonyms : TRITOME (Formerly TRITOMA UVARIA), Tison de Satan, Tison du Diable or even Faux aloe.
In the Classic Cronquist classification (1981), these plants are classified in Liliaceae, a group of Specials in the Old World (Arabia in Madagascar) while The Agaves, which resemble them a lot, are only American.
Kniphofia is a perennial with fast -growing fleshy root. It forms a 60 cm diameter tuft up to 1.5 m in height.
Its long, narrow and rigid evergreen foliage recalls that of li.
Its floral pimples open from the bottom to the top. They are most often red then orange and yellow (but this can vary with certain cultivars) depending on their stage and their position on the floral shaft. These bright colors give a flamboyant effect to its erect stews which are renewed from June to November especially if they are cut as soon as they are dried up.
Kniphofia appreciates rich, sandy, limestone and well -drained soils. It needs an exposure in full sun preferably away from the wind.
In winter, it can withstand negative temperatures up to -10 ° C if we protect the foot by a thick mulch from dry or dry -fried ferns which will not retain water but we will watch out for Plant the rhizome at least 10 cm under the ground to better protect it from the cold.
Each Rhizome requires 30 cm in all directions to develop well. Fold the foliage by half in early spring to promote its regrowth.
Regular fertilization during growth periods will optimize flowering.
The plant can be subject to gray rot if it is planted in a substrate not draining enough.
The snails and slugs are fond of it but it is toxic to domestic animals.
Multiplication by tuft division in early spring or fall every 2 to 3 years. Also possible by Sowing but the first fairly long flowering to come.
Contents subject to the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. Source : Article Kniphofia Uvaria by Wikipedia in French (Authors)
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