5 Graines Faux caroubier, Cassia fistula
False carob, Cassia fistula, Indian cytise, false Séné, gold shower |
Cassia fistula has common names Cassier, Faux Séné, Faux Caroubier, Gold Shower, downpour Dorée, Golden Rain Tree, Casse, Canéfier (Name given to it by the French Pharmacopoeia), Canenify1[réf. à confirmer] or Indian cytise2. It is a kind of family plants Fabaceae, originally fromSouthern Asia, from the south of Pakistan passing through the east of theIndia up to Burma and south of Sri Lanka.
5 seeds - Medium germination: 70% - GHot stratify (at 90 ° C), I left the seeds in the water 24 hours.It is a medium -sized tree quickly climbing[réf. nécessaire] up to a height of 10 to 20 m3 (usually up to 15 m4). The bark of the trunk, smooth and grayish in young trees, becomes more rough and brown in older individuals. The pinnate leaves are deciduous and worn by a 12 to 25 cm3 long spine, preceded by triangular stipules of 1 or 2 mm long3. They generally measure 30 to 40 cm in length4 and are cut into 3 to 8 pairs of shiny leaflets3, of oval or oblong shape. Each leaflet has a length of 8 to 13 cm, and a width of 4 to 8 cm4. The flowers are produced in hanging bunches 20 to 40 cm in length, or even 60 cm4, garnished with many flowers. Each flower is carried by a fine pedicel 3 to 5 cm long4 and has a diameter of about 4 cm4. The chalice is made up of 5 green sepales 1 to 1.5 cm long and the corolla of 5 golden yellow petals 2.5 to 3.5 cm long, all of equivalent length4. The stamens are 10 in number; Three are 3 to 4 cm long, bent but exceeding the length of the petals, with a 5 mm long4 anther, four are straight and shorter, and three are very short (6 to 10 mm4) and bear reduced anthers and sterile3. The ovary is thin, pedicelled, garnished with short stiff hairs, and has a small stigma. The fruit is an undisputed, hanging, dark brown pod, measuring 30 to 60 cm in length and 2 to 2.5 cm in width4.5. It emits acre and contains many shiny brown seeds (from 40 to 1003), flattened and elliptical in shape. The chromosomal formula of this species is 2N = 284.The pulp contained in the silica or the fruit of breakage has long been used as purgative and particularly in diseases which have an inflammatory character. The pods are still used in pharmacies today for their laxative properties6. In Ayurvedic medicine, Cassia Fistula is known as Aragvadha ("murderous disease")[réf. nécessaire]. Fruit pulp is used as a light gentle laxative, against fever, arthritis, vatavyadhi (nervous system diseases), all kinds of rakta-pitta (bleeding, such as hematemesis or hemorrhage), as well as problems cardiac or gastric such as dismissal[réf. nécessaire]. The root is considered to be very purgative, and self-medication or use without medical supervision is strongly not recommended in Ayurvedic texts[réf. nécessaire]. The seeds are toxic[réf. nécessaire]. It was around the year 824 that the Arabs introduced the use of breakage in medicine7. Although its use in herbalism is attested for millennia, this tree is the subject of little medical research in the modern world. Its purgative action is probably due to an abundance of 1.8-Dihydroxyanthraquinone and derivatives of it[réf. nécessaire]. The effects on the nervous system (anti-vatavyadhi) are renowned[réf. nécessaire] but the causes of these effects remain unknown. Although many fabaceae are sources of powerful entheogenic psychoactifs and other compounds (see for example tryptamines)[réf. nécessaire], these plants are rarely found among the caesalpinioideae. Its wood is solid and very durable; It is used to produce bridges, agricultural tools and other accessories4. The bark contains tannins to produce a red dye4; The ash of the wood of this tree can then be used as a bite source3. In Bengal, the fruit pulp is used to flavor tobacco3. The species is often planted for ornamental purposes4.
Contents subject to the CC-BY-SA 3.0 license. Source : Article Cassia Fistula from Wikipedia in French (Authors)
Tags: false, carob, cassia, fistula, indian, cytise, s, n, gold, shower, 5, graines, faux, caroubier, flower, seeds, trees, exotic, rare, shrubs, climbing, plants, bonsai