10 Graines Forsythia pleureur, Forsythia suspensa
Forsythia weeping, forsythia suspensa |
Forsythia suspensa is a species of deciduous leaf shrub belonging to the genus Forsythia and originating, for its wild varieties, of China Eastern. Tuft shrub, reaching about three meters in height, it shows on these long branches, tapered, flexible, often arched and falling, sometimes with dragging, crawling or climbing, a remarkable and early light yellow flowering of light gold at the end of the 'winter. It can push suspended on the side of the cliff in the spray of the waterfalls, by stopping on different floors until reaching an apparent length of several tens of meters.
10 Seeds (pure: 60-70 % - 10 seeds minimum see photo seeds) - rusticity - 30 ° C
Early flowers, inserted in glomerules per unit or by triad, sometimes by hexuplet, appear in March-April in the countries ofnorthern hemisphere in Temperate climate. They carry Corolles reflected by approximately 2.5 CM long. The deciduous, oval or oblong leaves, with toothed edges, 6 to 10 CM long formed several weeks after flowering.
Its flowers are first campanulated. Aging, they often leave a throat striated with red. Even if they are less abundant than in most other Asian species, they bring a powerful ornamental effect if the gardener knows how to mix them with branches or branches from other trees. Thus the Chinese or Japanese gardeners introduced them from more than a millennium in their stored gardens, where they placed them in suspension to form a colorful drape or animate a section of low weep willow or cherry with weeping flowers.
Carl-Peter Thunberg discovered the cultivated species during his trip to the gardens of Japan in 1780. Its precise description allowed Martin Vahl to suggest in 1804 the creation of a specific genre, in honor of William Forsyth.
A first living plant of Forsythia suspensa originating in the Japanese gardens would have been introduced to the Netherlands by Verkerk Pistorius in 18331. The cultivation in public or private gardens of this decorative shrub at Port Rampant, is reintroduced and widespread by Veitch nurseries in England.
This exotic species is at the origin of horticultural hybrids, in particular Forsythia × Intermedia, by crossing with Forsythia viridissima at the steep and straightened port. Forsythia suspensa cannot like these constituting flowery hedges or brightening solo or with other flower shrubs a small lawn. However, in imitation of Asian gardeners, it is still used as a climbing plant by placing it on palis, or by fixing it on a rim of terrace or low wall so that it covers the obstacle of its falling branches or peppers.
The fruits of Forsythia suspensa (named 连 翘 翘 lián qiáo in Chinese), are classified among the remarkable fifty herbs in the pharmacopoeia used in traditional Chinese medicine, in which they are indicated for Fight against fever and erase symptoms of poisoning2.
The young plants of Forsythia suspensa, in particular their leaves, and their roots were formerly used in a similar way but their use was suckled by the fruits.
Contents subject to the CC-BY-SA 3.0license. Source : Article Forsythia suspensa by Wikipedia in French (Authors)
Tags: forsythia, weeping, suspensa, 10, graines, pleureur, flower, seeds, trees, exotic, rare, shrubs, climbing, plants