10 Graines Lin de Nouvelle-Zélande, Phormium tenax

10 Graines Lin de Nouvelle-Zélande, Phormium tenax

  • Product Code: 10 Graines Lin de Nouvelle-Zélande, Phormium tenax
  • Availability: In Stock

  • 1.50€

New Zealand linen, Tenax Phormium |

Phormium Tenax, New Zealand linen is a plant in the family of xanthorhoeaceae (formerly Agavacea). It was used for the production of fibers2,3.

10 seeds - Average germination: 20 - 30 % - in 30 days

PHORMIUM TENAX (called LIN in New Zealand ; Harakeke in Maori ; New Zealand flax [1] Apart from New Zealand ; and New Zealand hemp [1] in historical nautical contexts) is a living plant VIVACE with persistent leaves from New Zealand and of Norfolk Island which is an important fiber plant and a popular ornamental plant. [2] The plant grows like a tuft of long strips, up to two meters long, from which emerges a much higher floral growth, with spectacular yellow or red flowers. [2]

Fiber has been widely used since the arrival of Maoris in New Zealand, originally in traditional textiles Maoris and also in the manufacture of strings and sails [3] After the arrival of Europeans until at least the Second World War. It is an invasive species in certain Pacific islands and in Australia. [4]

The blades of the plant contain cucurbitacins , which are toxic to certain animals, and some of them are among the most bitter tastes for humans.  [5]

Harakeke was one of the most commonly used fibers for weaving before European contact in New Zealand, due to its great availability and long strands. [8] Harakeke can be woven raw to create open weaving items (where para or epidermis waterproof of the plant is kept intact), or treated so that alone The MUKA remains, for tight weaving objects. [8] The long length of the harakeke leaves allows the weavers to create a variety of tape lengths, which makes the plant suitable for a range of objects and sizes. [8]

Harakeke can be boiled with hot stones to whiten the bands, but the fiber dye is difficult due to the para water resistant. [8] However, the harakeke can be dyed using published or a mud rich in iron. [8] Harakeke can be made more flexible with less narrowing using the technique Hapine , where a knife or a shell is passed through the fiber to eliminate humidity without breaking the surface layers.  [8] [9]

In recent times, P. Tenax and its cousin P. Colansoi have been widely cultivated as ornamental garden plants, their striking fans with pointed leaves providing a focal point in mixed plantations or At the edge of a lawn. They are easy to cultivate in a sunny place, especially in coastal areas with a certain protection in winter, but require wet soil reliably. They are frequently found in garden centers among similar appearance plants, including Yucca and Cordyline . However, these are very different plants with different requirements. P. Tenax and some cultivars can reach a substantial size - 4 m (13 ft) high by 2 m (7 ft) wide. [16]


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Tags: new, zealand, linen, tenax, phormium, 10, graines, lin, de, nouvelle-z, lande, flower, seeds, trees, exotic, rare, flowers, ornamental, herbs